Creativity - a transversal skill for lifelong learning. An overview of existing concepts and practices
The aim of the assignment was to provide a comprehensive overview of existing concepts and practices for the development of creativity as a transversal skill (or set of skills) for lifelong learning. For this purpose, we:
- Reviewed 175 articles/books and 59 frameworks and summarised, juxtaposed and reflected upon the existing concepts, definitions and models of creativity as well as its links with other key competences and skills
- Compiled an inventory of 34 existing initiatives aimed at fostering creativity as a transversal skill; these include well-documented policy and grass-root initiatives, most of which have been adopted since 2010 and implemented in Europe
- Studied eight cases in depth, including Erasmus+ projects, policy actions and a private initiative of an international design company
- Together with JRC, held four events, including a webinar for the policymakers, experts and education practitioners, two workshops for experts and a policy seminar for the officials of the European Commission
Throughout the process, we employed a combination of methods, including desk research, online survey, semi-structured interviews, case studies and comparative (cross-case) analysis. We focused on the vocational education and training, higher education and non-formal learning which had not been much explored yet, but also covered compulsory education, which had already been more extensively researched.
As part of the study, we prepared five deliverables. The literature review report was published as a Technical Report, whereas the final report as a Science for Policy Report by the JRC.
News on the project can be accessed on PPMI's website here.